Applied behavior analysis is a scientific approach utilizing behavioral procedures to decrease skill deficits in multiple areas including language, social, and adaptive skills. A treatment plan is created to address skill deficits and behavior excesses. This plan is then implemented by a behavior technician with support from the supervisor level.
We use the following procedures along with individualized planning utilizing caregiver and client strengths to create effective and personalized treatment programs.
Discrete Trial Training
DTT is a method of teaching that utilizes repetition and little distractors. It is typically conducted at a table setting and is used for helping individuals learn "foundational skills."
Natural Environment Training
This type of teaching style relies on teaching skills as they naturally occur in an environment. This strategy can be very effective for building and establishing play, social, or cognitive skills.
Behavior Intervention Plan
The BIP is a specific plan outlining what to do before, during, or after a challenging behavior occurs. BIPs are a crucial component in decreasing challenging behaviors.
Caregivers may include parents, siblings, teachers, other therapists, or anyone that may be interacting with the child. Clients spend more time with caregivers than therapists, so it is important that the caregiver is utilizing ABA techniques with every opportunity. Caregiver training cannot only assist with current behaviors, but also provide caregivers with skills to address any additional behaviors or concerns that may occur in the future.
Classification of services (Intensive vs focused) is determined by the supervisor.
Intensive therapy is 26-40 hours/ week. Clinical studies have shown ABA to be most successful when intensely applied for more than 20 hours a week and prior to the age of 4.
Focus therapy is 25 hrs/ week or less. This program is more short-term and time-limited than comprehensive interventions.
Both types of programs require high levels of caregiver involvement.